Our restorative treatments here at Calapooia Family Dental are designed to improve your oral health and the appearance of your smile. While we will always try to save a tooth, sometimes extraction may be necessary. Believe it or not, an extraction may be the best way to get your smile back on track.
Reasons for a Tooth Extraction
A tooth that is too damaged to be repaired, typically due to facial trauma or severe decay, is the most common reason for extraction. Extractions are also common for patients with advanced gum disease, which can result in irreparable damage. Other reasons for extraction include:
||Extra teeth that prevent other teeth from properly erupting
||Impacted teeth or teeth stuck below the gum tissue
||Primary (baby) teeth that fail to fall out promptly
||Stop an infection from spreading to other teeth or the supportive tissues, usually the result of a compromised immune system
||Prevent problems with your wisdom teeth also referred to as third molars, which may not have enough space in the jaw for proper eruption
||Create room in the jaw to move teeth to their proper position during orthodontic treatment
Two Types of Extractions
There are two major types of extractions: simple and surgical. The type of extraction we perform depends on the location and status of the tooth. A simple extraction involves a tooth that has already erupted above the gum tissue. A surgical extraction involves a tooth that is stuck below the gums or broken off at the gumline.
During a simple extraction, we loosen the tooth from its socket using a hand tool known as an "elevator." Once the tooth has been separated from the gums, bone, and connective ligaments, we use forceps to remove it from the mouth.
During a surgical extraction, we make an incision in the gum tissue to expose the underlying tooth. Next, the tooth is typically broken up into several pieces, which makes it easier to extract. Once all the pieces are out, we will suture the incision and pack the area with gauze.
Whether simple or surgical, both types of extractions begin with the application of local anesthetic. Local anesthetic numbs the area and eliminates discomfort. Dr. Summers or Dr. Hagerty may also recommend sedation methods if you have any fear or anxiety associated with the procedure.
Wisdom Teeth Extractions
Wisdom teeth often can cause problems because they are the last set of molars to come in. If there's not adequate space for the wisdom teeth, they can become impacted or stuck, causing pain, swelling, or infection. Impacted wisdom teeth may also damage healthy teeth by causing erosion of tooth structure or periodontal disease. Sometimes extraction is used as a preventive measure to avoid future problems.
To determine if wisdom teeth need to be extracted, Dr. Summers or Dr. Hagerty first will do a dental exam and assessment so he can provide you with the best treatment options. Evaluation and treatment is recommended in the mid-teen years to identify possible problems and improve treatment results.
Wisdom tooth extraction is typically performed with IV sedation, and recovery from the procedure typically takes from a few days up to a week.
After Your Extraction
After your extraction is complete, we will provide you with a detailed set of post-operative instructions. Follow these instructions closely to prevent painful and inconvenient complications. The most important thing you can do is keep the blood clot from dislodging.
If a blood clot dislodges or fails to form, you may experience a fairly uncommon condition known as "dry socket." Dry socket keeps the underlying bone exposed, which can be extremely painful. This condition only develops in about three to four percent of all extractions. Avoid using a straw or sucking motion to keep the blood clot in place.
Any swelling, bleeding, and discomfort should subside within a week or two. You should also be able to manage your pain with over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Please don't hesitate to call if you have any questions or concerns!
Schedule A Consultation
If you have a problematic tooth, advanced gum disease, or another severe dental problem, you may need tooth extraction. Call (541) 936-9222 to schedule a consultation appointment now!